Light and ventilation tunnel ?

With the stairs going from the floor of the house, to the top and being capped by a sky-light, and also a south facing window (or two) at the top of this “column”, I was reminded of the Potton Lighthouse, with it’s “wind catcher / light funnel”.

I’m wondering if these windows could be an automatic, intrinsic way that the house heats and cools itself down?

Below is a screen shot from a PDF about the Potton Lighthouse.